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Home » Exhibition » Review

 
The Brave in the Upper Air - Special Exhibition of Black CatSquadron

Print

2012/10/15


A Story of Great Era
The Birth of the Black Cat Squadron
The Brave in the Upper Air
The Glorious Black Cats
Flight Simulator

:::  »Exhibition »Introduction »The Brave in the Upper Air – Special Exhibition of Black Cat Squadron

Exhibition Period: Oct. 8, 2010~Feb. 26, 2011
Exhibition Site: Armed Forces Museum

 

1. Training and Tempering for Duty

     When the members of Black Cat Squadron went to the U.S. to receive training, there was no lecture and flight manual due to confidentiality issue; all trainings were oral instructions, and all manuscript notes would be collected and destroyed at the end of each course. Hence these pilots had to concentrate on the courses and discuss with each other. At that time, the base did not have two-seat U-2 for training, so these pilots' first flight was alone, so they needed to be highly alert and stable in order to fly U-2 aircrafts.
     Their tasks are performed in the sky 70,000~80,000 feet high, and with the altitude increases, the pressure decreases; when a human body is exposed in the sky above 60,000 feet high, then the extremely low pressure will cause rapid evaporation of blood and the burst of blood vessels, and if so, no one can survive. Each task will lasting for 10-12 hours, so they had to wear the tight high-altitude pressure suits to adapt to the changes of air pressure. Before flying, they needed to do preoxygenation and denitrogenation for 1~2 hours to remove the nitrogen in the blood and avoid decompression sickness such as blood vessel obstruction for the smooth operation of tasks.

Chiu Song-zhou wore the new type of full-pressure high-altitude pressure suit to take the survival training.
Description: Chiu Song-Zhou wore the new type of full-pressure 
high-altitude pressure suit to take the survival training.

2. Ultimate Mission at High Altitude

     One day before the day on duty, all members would receive the standby notice and stay in the base, they only knew they were going to execute mission but did not know the destination. On the next morning, pilots went to the operational room to receive the mission briefing presented by the weather officer, intelligence officer, navigating officer, and aircraft maintenance staff. They would explain the time and route of the flight, weather condition, airspace demanding automatic photography, and areas that might be attacked by missiles or enemy aircrafts. The pilots would not know the destination until the briefing.
     From Feb. 1, 1961 the founding date to Nov. 1, 1974 when their tasks were cancelled, these pilots had executed 220 sorties totally. During this period, although they encountered the threats of China's missiles, they still flew over the significant military sites of Qinghai province, Xinjiang province, provinces in Northern China, Northwest China, Northeast China, Southeast China, and the borderline between Vietnam and China successfully detected and took the photograph of China's nuclear test base and nuclear fall-out. They even provide reconnaissance supports to detect China's deployment and movement in the Vietnam War; all these had provide the utmost value for the free world to investigate China's military deployment.
     Because the relationship of the U.S. and China became increasingly peaceful, the in-depth reconnaissance tasks on China were dropped after May 1968, and the tasks were replaced by coastal oblique photography. On Nov. 1, 1974, the U.S. officially stopped the project and removed the staff and equipments.

Members of Black Cat Squadron with technical staff of R.O.C. and U.S.
Description: Members of Black Cat Squadron with technical staff of R.O.C. and U.S.

3. Returning with Glorious Achievements in adventure

     U-2 aircrafts took risks to obtain the photo-reconnaissance results and back to the base, the interpretation sector of the Photographic Technical Group in Taoyuan base would submit the photo intelligence report according to the flight path. All these operations were completed in 12 hours. These photos contributed to military affairs greatly.

The aerophoto of Shati airport in Fujian province。
Description: The aerophoto of Shati airport in Fujian province


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